TYPE 1: GOVERNMENT
The federal government is the single largest supporter of research and sponsored projects in the United States. Intramural laboratories (aka research labs), facilities and federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs), and Sponsored Programs at non-federal institutions (such as universities), are all examples federally funded R&D.
There are fifteen federal departments that provide funding for sponsored program.
Federal funding opportunities are typically competitive and are often listed on Grants.gov and/or the Federal Register. Opportunities are made known through formal solicitations called Request for Proposals (RFPs).
TYPE 2: NONPROFITS & FOUNDATIONS
Foundation and nonprofit sponsors are generally mission-specific and seek to enhance a particular cause. A single foundation grant may range from a few thousand to over 1 million dollars. Funding opportunities may or may not be formally published, often require a Letter of Intent, and may require an invitation to submit from the sponsor.
Foundation sponsors traditionally seek to provide a one-time infusion of grant funds that compliment and enhance an institutions existing funds.
TYPE 3: INDUSTRY
Historically, industry needs have driven research in the U.S. Today, Industry continues to support R&D in the U.S., particularly at hospitals and higher education institutions. Industry sponsors fund projects that address specific needs and/or company priorities.
Occasionally, federal agencies will set aside funds to support industry-university collaborative partnerships to encourage economic innovation.
If you’d like assistance determining which sponsor type is best for you and your project, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.